Holdsworth Family History

Holdsworth's Cyclopaedia & Glossary: Events, People, Terms

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The Imperial units are an irregularly standardised system of units that have been used in the United Kingdom and its former colonies, including the United States and Commonwealth countries.
The Imperial system is also called the English system, the British system or, perhaps more correctly, the Avoirdupois System.
It is the primary alternative to the Metric system.
Units include Inch, Foot, Yard, (There are twelve inches in a foot, and three feet in a yard.), Chain, Furlong, Mile,
Dram, Ounce, Pound, Hundredweight, Ton,
Acre, Perch, Rood, Fluid Ounce, Pint, Gallon.

(1) An inch is an Imperial unit of length. According to some sources, the inch was originally defined informally as the distance between the tip of the thumb and the first joint of the thumb.
See Imperial Units of Measure .

(2) To inch a machine is to jog the machine in small steps, for example a Loom.

Activity such as measuring, weighing, examining, testing, of a material, product or service to determine conformity with standards or specifications.

To connect one system into another - coordinated in such a way that all parts work together effectively. This is particularly used in guarding or fencing moving machinery, so that parts are prevented from moving whilst they are exposed.

In 1733, John Kay invented the Flying Shuttle (which meant that broader cloth could be woven and at a quicker rate).
In 1764, James Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny (which meant that more than one thread could be produced at a time).
In 1769, Richard Arkwright invented the water frame (which allowed cotton to be spun for the first time).
In 1779, Samuel Compton’s Mule allowed the spinning of finer cloths.
In 1786 Edmund Cartwright’s Power Loom completed the mechanisation of the weaving process.
In 1804 Joseph-Marie Jacquard’s inspiration revolutionised patterned textile weaving.

These inventions were the basis for the increased productivity of the textile industry throughout Britain.

Notes from the family bible, kept by George Bertram Holdsworth.

Grandmother Irving died the 28th November 1817 aged 54 years.
Aunt Ann Irving died the 13th of December 1822 aged 20 and 9 months.
Grandfather Irving died the 7th of May 1837 aged 79 years.
Grandfather's brother Thomas Irving died January 26th aged 56 years. (No year showing)

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